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A Guide to Rubber Manufacturing Rubber manufacturing is a component of rubber technology that centers on transforming elastomers also called rubbers. Rubber mats, automobile tires, as well as exercise rubber stretching bands are products of transformation. Rubber manufacturing uses different materials such as natural rubber, latex, and synthetic rubber as well as different polymeric materials. Polymeric materials include thermoplastic elastomers. Rubber manufacturing has many features of processing rubber using many techniques. The methodologies include are elements of a range of items. The rubber manufacturing process is an aspect of vulcanization. Vulcanization is all-round. It is a process that entails heating using a small amount of sulphur. An equivalent cross-linking heating agent can also be used during vulcanization. The process stabilizes polymer chains through a range of temperature. Charles Goodyear discovered the process of vulcanization in the 19th century. Rubber manufacturing using vulcanization uses a restricted method to polymer chains. Chains have a double bond in its backbone. Double bond materials are polybutadiene and natural rubber. Such materials are available in various quantities. Elastomeric state of materials during rubber manufacturing is unstable as the chains can slip over each other.
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The material experiences in increase in stress relaxation or creep when loaded. It also happens when the product is under static state. Most applications require strengthening during practical applications. Listed techniques are mastication and other operations. Identified processes are extrusion, calendaring and mixing. The processes are vital to transform rubber into a stable and suitable position. It helps in giving shape to the product of rubber manufacturing.
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Mastication breaks down polymer chains and reduces the molecular mass to lower viscosity. Lower levels of viscosity help in further processing. It helps in cross-linking. Industrial mixers are sold in various forms. It can work alone or in combinations. Rubber manufacturing Starts with compounding the material with additives. Additives are accelerators, carbon black and sulphur. The mixture turns the material into a ‘compound’ that looks like dough. From the onset, rubber manufacturing uses natural rubber. It has polymers within organic compound isoprene. Latex comes from Indonesia and Malaysia mainly. Elements of polyisoprene used during rubber manufacturing are collectively referred to as elastomers. Rubber destined for manufacturing is harvested in form of latex. Latex is milky colloid whose off-the-mark applies in making incisions in the bark, it is sticky and features that help when collecting the fluid in channels. Rubber manufacturing starts with refining of latex into rubber. Extensively, people use natural rubber to make products and in different applications. Rubber manufacturing uses different varieties. Varieties include dandelion, Congo Rubber and Hevea brasilensis among others. It is trusted for being waterproof. Hevea brasilensis represents the biggest source of natural latex. The tree is a member of the spurge family.